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Interestingly, Latino guys are also removed from present discourse in the

Interestingly, Latino guys are also removed from present discourse in the

Also, the recent construction regarding the “Down Low” is http://camsloveaholics.com/ still another depiction of bisexuality as a “new” concept, just like Newsweek’s “discovery” of “Bisexual Chic: Anyone Goes” (1974) over three decades ago. Even though the presence of male and female bisexuality happens to be well-documented across cultures since antiquity (Cantarella, 2002), the “Down Low” had been portrayed as being a phenomenon that is new. Nevertheless, the erasure that is cyclical stigmatization, re-erasure, and restigmatization of bisexuality, especially among guys, is barely “new” (Angelides, 2001; Yoshino, 2000). Instead of news depictions from present years, nevertheless, this time around bisexuality had not been exposed as being a trend that is glamorous pop music movie movie stars and supermodels. Instead, it absolutely was a shameful “secret” which put innocent individuals (feamales in particular) at an increased risk for illness and death. Certainly, the Down minimal ended up being unexpectedly exalted by some towards the status for the “driving force” associated with the HIV epidemic into the Ebony community. Oprah, inside her television show, explicitly linked the Down minimal occurrence to HIV transmission, as did the report within the ny days Magazine. Any direct empirical evidence regarding the role of the Down Low phenomenon in the HIV epidemic among African Americans is lacking (Millett, Malebranche, Mason, & Spikes, 2005) although down Low men seem useful scapegoats for the disproportionally high prevalence rates of HIV among Black women.

Additionally, research on Black male bisexuality and its associations with HIV transmission have not yet acceptably described the complexity of the males’s intimate habits and connected risks, on their own and their lovers.

Final, present discourse surrounding the Down Low abruptly characterized “secretive bisexuality” to be all but exclusive to Ebony guys. Interestingly, traditional studies of bisexuality in the usa concentrated heavily on White women and men. When recognized after all, very early pictures associated with the possible part of the “bisexual bridge” from bisexual male to (presumably heterosexual and monogamous) feminine lovers also promulgated the label regarding the “white picket fence,” i.e., the White, married man as a vector of infection transmission (Miller, 2002). The present discourse that is public the Down minimal has had along with it an abrupt about-face with regards to racial/ethnic focus. It has resulted in renewed demonization not merely of bisexuality but of Ebony male sexuality (cf. Lewis & Kertzner, 2003). Malebranche (2007) notes, “Demonizing Black male sexuality has been a staple of US culture since slavery, where our part would be to work and breed, plus the Mandingo stereotype of a hyper-sexual Ebony guy by having an insatiable appetite for White women was created…we distort the facts about HIV into the Ebony community to divert our attention through the genuine ‘down low’ problems of oppression, racism, insecurity, intimate punishment, drug abuse, joblessness, hopelessness, and despair.”

Interestingly, Latino males are also taken out of present discourse regarding the “new Down minimal occurrence,” although they will have already been found to own reasonably high prices of male bisexuality along side reasonably low rates of disclosure to partners that are female.

Analysis focusing particularly on Latino bisexual males, broadly understood right here as males of Latin descent that is american inhabit the usa, is notably more developed than research on Ebony bisexual guys. Even ahead of the HIV epidemic, human anatomy of research on bisexual behavior among Latino guys emerged from social researchers working within Latin America additionally the Caribbean. Ethnographic research indicates that Latin American bisexual males face unique problems within the construction, phrase, and connection with their sexualities (Aggleton, 1996). For instance, Carrier (1985) and Taylor (1978) unearthed that the device of categorizing same-sex experiences among bisexually-active Mexican males is dependent upon whether or not the people assume the “male” or “female” role during intercourse (penetrating or becoming penetrated). De Moya and Garcia (1996) discovered similar relationships between masculinity and bisexuality when you look at the Dominican Republic. Into the context that is brazilian Parker (1991, 1996, 1999) recommended that the “object” (man or woman) of your respective libido may be less significant into the subjective construction of the sex and that a fairly high erotic value is put on a lot of freedom in intimate encounters.

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